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Charles Dickens’


adapted by Bart DeLorenzo

Thomas Gradgrind – Jan Munroe
Louisa Gradgrind – Ames Ingham
Tom Gradgrind – Ben Messmer
Sissy Jupe – Colleen Kane
Bitzer / Kidderminster – Alex Cruz
Mr. Sleary – Henry Lide
Josiah Bounderby – Don Oscar Smith
Mrs. Gradgrind / Mrs. Pegler – Janellen Steininger
Childers / Slackridge – Kevin Cristaldi
Mrs. Sparsit – Lisa Black
Stephen Blackpool – Michael A. Shepperd
Rachael – Liz Davies
James Harthouse – Blake Robbins


Director – Bart DeLorenzo
Scenic Designer – Jason Adams and Alicia Hoge
Lighting Designer – Lap Chi Chu
Costume Designer – Ann Closs-Farley
Sound Design – John Zalewski
Associate Director – Lauren Campedelli
Assistant Lighting Designer – Alain Jourdenais
Stage Manager – Amber Kohler
Assistant Stage Manager – Beth Mack
Producer – Erin Cass


Graphic Design – Colleen Wainwright

Photographer – John Schoenfeld

May 1 – June 6, 2004

Los Angeles Times

Dickens’ shortest and arguably most humorless work, Hard Times is a hard nut to crack. Intrinsically didactic and self righteous in tone, the piece tackles the shortcomings of the social utilitarianism prevalent in its day, as well as the evils of the Industrial Revolution and the inequities of the era’s harsh divorce laws – this, not coincidentally, at a time when Dickens' own marriage was failing.


In his staging at the Evidence Room – a cavernous space well suited to Dickens’ expansive concerns – director/adaptor Bart DeLorenzo does a heroic job dramatizing what Dickens’ eminent contemporary, Thomas Macaulay, dismissed as "sullen socialism." DeLorenzo retains Dickens’ language but jettisons high stage diction for more contemporary American speech – a surprisingly successful tactic that humanizes Dickens' famously overblown characters.

As is typical with Evidence Room productions, design elements are superb, particularly John Zalewski’s wonderfully organic sound. Jason Adams and Alicia Hoge’s set – a series of capacious raised platforms – evokes the disparity of the grimy mill town in which the story is set, from teeming factory tenement to magnate’s mansion. The production features a baker’s dozen of actors – for the most part a lucky 13. Particularly effective is Ames Ingham as Louisa Gradgrind, the unfortunate young woman who falls victim to her ideologue father’s failed social experiment. Also excellent is Lisa Black as the scheming and jealous-hearted Mrs. Sparsit. A couple of the performances are exaggerated to an unfortunately splenetic degree. Still, for most of this accomplished and entertaining production, DeLorenzo spurs the slow coach of Dickens’ problematic plot to a brisk gallop.  – F. Kathleen Foley



Curtain Up

This splendid production of Charles Dickens’s lesser known, least sentimental novel was adapted by its director Bart De Lorenzo at The Evidence Room. It is a reminder of how rich and funny Dickens’s language is, how humane and colorful his characters and how searingly saddeningly contemporary many of his themes still are.


Set in a bleak English industrial city called Coketown, whose sky is always shrouded by smoke from factory chimneys, the play begins in the classroom of Thomas Gradgrind whose pupils include his daughter Louisa, son Tom and Sissy Jupe, child of a circus acrobat. Facts are Thomas’s passion and it’s no surprise that both his children grow up to be ensconced in the menage of the town’s wealthy factory owner, Squire Bounderby. Tom becomes an apprentice and persuades his sister Louisa, who adores him, to become Bounderby’s bride, much to the fury of Bounderby’s housekeeper, Mrs. Sparsit, a lapsed aristocrat.

Tom takes to drink and Louisa attempts to help workman Stephen Blackpool, one of nature’s noblemen, when he loses his job. Blackpool embodies two of the social evils Dickens attacks in this novel: unions and divorce. Though he doesn’t join the workmen who try to unionize, he earns Bounderby’s enmity anyway, as well as theirs. He also begs Bounderby to advise him on how to divorce his wife who abandoned him and only returns to steal from him. Bounderby replies divorce is too expensive for the likes of him and Blackpool’s tragic story does not include a romance with Rachel, the woman he loves. There’s a bank robbery, a man who falls in love with Louisa in the person of James Harthouse and a mother rejected by Bounderby because she’s too respectable and spoils his manufactured persona of a self-raised man. ("If you've raised yourself, lower yourself," somebody grumbles. The third strand in the tapestry is Sissy Jupe’s poignant and colorful circus family, headed by lisping ringmaster Mr. Sleary.

De Lorenzo has selected narratives from the text to be performed by different cast members. This keeps Dickens's voice firmly in control and reminds you whose world you’re in. The strong pacing and dramatic staging which are his trademarks are well interpreted by an excellent ensemble.

Ames Ingham’s fragility molds the strength of Louisa. Ben Messmer catches the arc of her brother Tom from a lovable little rascal to a young man who hates his life, uses his sister and comes to a bad end. Lisa Black is discontented and snide as the waspish Mrs. Sparsit. Two of Dickens’s most eccentric characters are the ringmaster Mr. Sleary, made colorful, lisp and all, by Henry Lide and tiny Mrs. Pegler, who is content to flit in and out of the life of her rascally son Bounderby like some blinded butterfly. She’s played by Janellen Steininger who also is miserably boozily adrift as the alcoholic Mrs. Grindgrad. Don Oscar Smith makes Bounderby a villain of bourgeois weight and Jan Munroe projects an upright well-meaning but limited schoolmaster/MP, Thomas Grindgrad. Michael A. Shepperd is a touching and imposing presence as Stephen Blackpool. Liz Davies brings warmth and dignity in the underwritten role of Rachael and Colleen Kane is heartbreaking as the abandoned child Sissy who doesn’t understand the schoolmaster’s facts but memorizes mythology to tell stories to her wretched father. Blake Robbins brings ambiguity to the character of James Harthouse that makes Louisa’s ambiguity credible.

Jason Adams and Alicia Hoge’s stunning set design incorporates platforms of the dark wood prevalent in Victorian times and Lap Chi-Chu’s subtle lighting has the dim radiance of candlelight. Ann Closs-Farley’s simple effective costumes use earth tones as well as the burgundy favored by Victorians and the vivid colors worn by the circus players.

The danger of devotion to fact and industry at the expense of imagination and compassion are Dickens’s passions here. There’s no romance, no happy endings for the children and couples involved. Louisa, betrayed by her beloved brother and the victim of a miserable marriage, chooses to live out her widowhood alone. Perhaps that’s why this is one of Dickens’s least popular novels but it’s well worth the loving care it receives in this production.  – Laura Hitchcock

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